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Phytomedicine Index


Achillea millefolium
Aconitum spp. | Aconitum napellus | Aconitum columbianum | Aconitum carmichaelii
Actaea racemosa | Cimicifuga racemosa | Macrotys racemosa
Allium cepa
Allium sativum
Aloe vera | Aloe barbadensis | Aloe ferox
Althaea officinalis
Angelica sinensis
Apium graveolens
Arctium lappa | Niu bang zi
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Arnica spp.
Asclepias tuberosa
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Astragalus membranaceus
Atropa belladonna
Avena sativa | Avena fatua
Bacopa monnieri
Baptisia tinctoria
Berberis vulgaris | Berberis aquifolium | Mahonia aquifolium | Hydrastis canadensis | Coptis chinensis
Boswellia spp.
Brassica alba | Brassica nigra | Brassica juncea
Bryonia alba
Calendula officinalis
Camellia sinensis
Camellia sinensis
Cannabis sativa | Cannabis indica
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Capsicum frutescens | Capsicum annuum
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Ceanothus americanus | Ceanothus spp.
Centella asiatica
Chamaelirium luteum
Chelidonium majus
Chionanthus virginicus
Cinnamomum zeylanicum | C. verum | C. aromaticum | C. cassia
Coleus forskohlii | Plectranthus barbatus
Commiphora molmol | Commiphora myrrha
Commiphora mukul
Convallaria majalis
Cordyceps sinensis | Ophiocordyceps sinensis
Corydalis spp.
Crataegus spp.
Curcuma longa
Curcurbita pepo
Cynara scolymus
Datura stramonium
Digitalis purpurea
Dioscorea villosa
Echinacea angustifolia | Echinacea purpurea | Echinacea pallida
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Ephedra sinica (and related species) | Ephedra equisetina | Ephedra intermedia
Equisetum arvense
Eriodictyon californicum | Eriodictyon angustifolium | Eriodictyon spp.
Eschscholzia californica
Eucalyptus globulus
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium purpureum | Eupatorium maculatum | Eupatorium fistulosum
Euphrasia stricta
Foeniculum vulgare
Frangula purshiana | Rhamnus purshiana | Frangula alnus | Rhamnus frangula
Fucus vesiculosus
Galium aparine
Ganoderma lucidum
Gelsemium sempervirens
Gentiana lutea
Geranium maculatum
Ginkgo biloba
Glycyrrhiza glabra | Glycyrrhiza uralensis
Grindelia spp.
Gymnema sylvestre
Hamamelis virginiana
Harpagophytum procumbens
Humulus lupulus
Hydrangea arborescens
Hyoscyamus niger
Hypericum perforatum | Hypericum spp.
Inula helenium
Iris versicolor
Juglans nigra
Juniperus communis
Larrea tridentata
Lavandula spp.
Leonurus cardiaca
Ligusticum porteri
Ligustrum lucidum
Linum usitatissimum
Lithospermum officinale
Lobelia inflata
Lomatium dissectum
Lycopus virginicus
Matricaria recutita | Matricaria chamomilla
Medicago sativa
Melaleuca alternifolia
Melissa officinalis
Mentha piperita
Mitchella repens
Momordica charantia
Olea europaea
Panax ginseng | Panax quinquefolius
Passiflora incarnata
Pausinystalia johimbe | Corynanthe yohimbe
Petroselinum crispum
Phytolacca americana | Phytolacca decandra
Piper methysticum
Piscidia piscipula | Piscidia erythrina
Plantago lanceolata | Plantago major | P. insularis
Podophyllum peltatum
Prunus africana | Pygeum africanum
Prunus serotina
Pulsatilla vulgaris | Anemone pulsatilla | Anemone pratensis | Anemone patens | Pulsatilla patens
Quercus spp.
Rauvolfia serpentina
Rhodiola rosea
Ricinus communis
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubus idaeus
Rumex crispus
Salix spp.
Sambucus nigra | Sambucus canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Schisandra chinensis
Scutellaria baicalensis
Scutellaria lateriflora
Selenicereus grandiflorus | Cactus grandifolorus | Cereus grandiflorus
Senna alexandrina | Cassia spp.
Serenoa repens | S. serrulata
Silybum marianum
Smilax spp.
Solidago spp.
Symphytum officinale
Tabebuia avellanedae | Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tanacetum parthenium | Chrysanthemum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare | Chrysanthemum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Theobroma cacao
Thuja occidentalis | Thuja plicata
Thuja occidentalis
Thymus vulgaris
Tilia spp.
Tribulus terrestris
Trifolium pratense
Tussilago farfara
Ulmus rubra
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica
Usnea spp.
Vaccinium myrtillus
Valeriana officinalis | Valeriana sitchensis
Veratrum viride
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena officinalis | Verbena hastata
Veronicastrum virginicum | Leptandra virginica
Viburnum opulus | Viburnum prunifolium
Vinca major | Vinca minor
Viscum album
Vitex agnus-castus
Withania somnifera
Zea mays | Yu Mi Xu
Zingiber officinale
Achillea millefolium
Aconitum spp. | Aconitum napellus | Aconitum columbianum | Aconitum carmichaelii
Actaea racemosa | Cimicifuga racemosa | Macrotys racemosa
Allium cepa
Allium sativum
Aloe vera | Aloe barbadensis | Aloe ferox
Althaea officinalis
Angelica sinensis
Apium graveolens
Arctium lappa | Niu bang zi
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Arnica spp.
Asclepias tuberosa
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Astragalus membranaceus
Atropa belladonna
Avena sativa | Avena fatua
Bacopa monnieri
Baptisia tinctoria
Berberis vulgaris | Berberis aquifolium | Mahonia aquifolium | Hydrastis canadensis | Coptis chinensis
Boswellia spp.
Brassica alba | Brassica nigra | Brassica juncea
Bryonia alba
Calendula officinalis
Camellia sinensis
Camellia sinensis
Cannabis sativa | Cannabis indica
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Capsicum frutescens | Capsicum annuum
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Ceanothus americanus | Ceanothus spp.
Centella asiatica
Chamaelirium luteum
Chelidonium majus
Chionanthus virginicus
Cinnamomum zeylanicum | C. verum | C. aromaticum | C. cassia
Coleus forskohlii | Plectranthus barbatus
Commiphora molmol | Commiphora myrrha
Commiphora mukul
Convallaria majalis
Cordyceps sinensis | Ophiocordyceps sinensis
Corydalis spp.
Crataegus spp.
Curcuma longa
Curcurbita pepo
Cynara scolymus
Datura stramonium
Digitalis purpurea
Dioscorea villosa
Echinacea angustifolia | Echinacea purpurea | Echinacea pallida
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Ephedra sinica (and related species) | Ephedra equisetina | Ephedra intermedia
Equisetum arvense
Eriodictyon californicum | Eriodictyon angustifolium | Eriodictyon spp.
Eschscholzia californica
Eucalyptus globulus
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium purpureum | Eupatorium maculatum | Eupatorium fistulosum
Euphrasia stricta
Foeniculum vulgare
Frangula purshiana | Rhamnus purshiana | Frangula alnus | Rhamnus frangula
Fucus vesiculosus
Galium aparine
Ganoderma lucidum
Gelsemium sempervirens
Gentiana lutea
Geranium maculatum
Ginkgo biloba
Glycyrrhiza glabra | Glycyrrhiza uralensis
Grindelia spp.
Gymnema sylvestre
Hamamelis virginiana
Harpagophytum procumbens
Humulus lupulus
Hydrangea arborescens
Hyoscyamus niger
Hypericum perforatum | Hypericum spp.
Inula helenium
Iris versicolor
Juglans nigra
Juniperus communis
Larrea tridentata
Lavandula spp.
Leonurus cardiaca
Ligusticum porteri
Ligustrum lucidum
Linum usitatissimum
Lithospermum officinale
Lobelia inflata
Lomatium dissectum
Lycopus virginicus
Matricaria recutita | Matricaria chamomilla
Medicago sativa
Melaleuca alternifolia
Melissa officinalis
Mentha piperita
Mitchella repens
Momordica charantia
Olea europaea
Panax ginseng | Panax quinquefolius
Passiflora incarnata
Pausinystalia johimbe | Corynanthe yohimbe
Petroselinum crispum
Phytolacca americana | Phytolacca decandra
Piper methysticum
Piscidia piscipula | Piscidia erythrina
Plantago lanceolata | Plantago major | P. insularis
Podophyllum peltatum
Prunus africana | Pygeum africanum
Prunus serotina
Pulsatilla vulgaris | Anemone pulsatilla | Anemone pratensis | Anemone patens | Pulsatilla patens
Quercus spp.
Rauvolfia serpentina
Rhodiola rosea
Ricinus communis
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubus idaeus
Rumex crispus
Salix spp.
Sambucus nigra | Sambucus canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Schisandra chinensis
Scutellaria baicalensis
Scutellaria lateriflora
Selenicereus grandiflorus | Cactus grandifolorus | Cereus grandiflorus
Senna alexandrina | Cassia spp.
Serenoa repens | S. serrulata
Silybum marianum
Smilax spp.
Solidago spp.
Symphytum officinale
Tabebuia avellanedae | Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tanacetum parthenium | Chrysanthemum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare | Chrysanthemum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Theobroma cacao
Thuja occidentalis | Thuja plicata
Thuja occidentalis
Thymus vulgaris
Tilia spp.
Tribulus terrestris
Trifolium pratense
Tussilago farfara
Ulmus rubra
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica
Usnea spp.
Vaccinium myrtillus
Valeriana officinalis | Valeriana sitchensis
Veratrum viride
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena officinalis | Verbena hastata
Veronicastrum virginicum | Leptandra virginica
Viburnum opulus | Viburnum prunifolium
Vinca major | Vinca minor
Viscum album
Vitex agnus-castus
Withania somnifera
Zea mays | Yu Mi Xu
Zingiber officinale
 

Rosmarinus officinalis



Latin NameRosmarinus officinalis
Common NameRosemary
Primary Actions Anti-microbial | Circulatory stimulant | Nootropic | Anti-oxidant | Inflammation modulator
Secondary Actions Nervine | Choleretic | Cholagogue | Carminative | Spasmolytic | Anti-spasmodic
Indications/ Symptoms Alzheimers disease | Depression | Cardiac weakness | Hypotension | Congestive heart failure | Gas/bloating | Low vitality | Inflammation | Rheumatism | Headache | Poor circulation | Cold extremities | Pain (external, from cold/damp) | Memory concerns
Constituents Volatile oils (1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene, borneol, camphor, limonene, linalool) | Diterpenes | Flavonoids | Phenolic acids (rosmarinic acid) | Tannins
Energetics Warming | Drying
Taste Bitter | Pungent
Low Dose RecommendedNo
Not Safe: PregnancyUncertain
Not Safe: LactationUncertain
ContraindicationsPregnancy category B1 | Lactation category C
Side Effects
Notes
Preparation/ DosageTincture (1:2-1:3)=2-5 ml TID | Infusion=1-2 tsp/c BID-TID | Rosemary wine may be used in place of tincture | External application in bath, poultice, essential oil, ointment or cream
Parts UsedLeaf
References
  • Burnett KM, Solterbeck LA, and Strapp CM. Scent and mood state following an anxiety-provoking task. Psychol. Rep 2004;95(2):707-722.
  • Dragan S, Nicola T, Ilina R, et al. Role of multi-component functional foods in the complex treatment of patients with advanced breast cancer. Rev.Med Chir Soc.Med Nat.Iasi 2007;111(4):877-884.
  • Fuchs SM, Schliemann-Willers S, Fischer TW, et al. Protective effects of different marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and rosemary cream preparations against sodium-lauryl-sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis. Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2005;18(4):195-200.
  • Gobert M, Martin B, Ferlay A, et al. Plant polyphenols associated with vitamin E can reduce plasma lipoperoxidation in dairy cows given n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. J Dairy Sci 2009;92(12):6095-6104.
  • Greenlee H, Atkinson C, Stanczyk FZ, et al. A pilot and feasibility study on the effects of naturopathic botanical and dietary interventions on sex steroid hormone metabolism in premenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev 2007;16(8):1601-1609.
  • Hay IC, Jamieson M, and Ormerod AD. Randomized trial of aromatherapy. Successful treatment for alopecia areata. Arch Dermatol 1998;134(11):1349-1352.
  • Kim MA, Sakong JK, Kim EJ, et al. [Effect of aromatherapy massage for the relief of constipation in the elderly]. Taehan Kanho.Hakhoe.Chi 2005;35(1):56-64.
  • Kim MJ, Nam ES, and Paik SI, [The effects of aromatherapy on pain, depression, and life satisfaction of arthritis patients]. Taehan Kanho.Hakhoe.Chi 2005;35(1):186-194.
  • Lukaczer D, Darland G, Tripp M, et al. A pilot trial evaluating Meta050, a proprietary combination of reduced iso-alpha acids, rosemary extract and oleanolic acid in patients with arthritis and fibromyalgia. Phytother.Res 2005;19(10):864-869.
  • Martinez AL, Gonzalez-Trujano ME, Pellicer F, et al. Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts. Planta Med 2009;75(5):508-511.
  • McCaffrey R, Thomas DJ, and Kinzelman AO. The effects of lavender and rosemary essential oils on test-taking anxiety among graduate nursing students. Holist.Nurs.Pract 2009;23(2):88-93.
  • Minich DM, Bland JS, Katke J, et al. Clinical safety and efficacy of NG440: a novel combination of rho iso-alpha acids from hops, rosemary, and oleanolic acid for inflammatory conditions. Can.J Physiol Pharmacol 2007;85(9):872-883.
  • Moss M, Cook J, Wesnes K, et al. Aromas of rosemary and lavender essential oils differentially affect cognition and mood in healthy adults. Int J Neurosci 2003;113(1):15-38.
  • Park MK and Lee ES. [The effect of aroma inhalation method on stress responses of nursing students.]. Taehan Kanho.Hakhoe.Chi 2004;34(2):344-351.


Code by Peter D'Adamo, ND. Portions of the data used by this program are from the Bountiful Herbs Database. Obviously, this program is not a substitute for the services of a health professional and is not actually designed nor intended to be used to diagnosis, prevent or treat disease.