CENTER OF EXCELLENCE IN GENERATIVE MEDICINE | PATHFINDER SCHOLARS

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Phytomedicine Index


Achillea millefolium
Aconitum spp. | Aconitum napellus | Aconitum columbianum | Aconitum carmichaelii
Actaea racemosa | Cimicifuga racemosa | Macrotys racemosa
Allium cepa
Allium sativum
Aloe vera | Aloe barbadensis | Aloe ferox
Althaea officinalis
Angelica sinensis
Apium graveolens
Arctium lappa | Niu bang zi
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Arnica spp.
Asclepias tuberosa
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Astragalus membranaceus
Atropa belladonna
Avena sativa | Avena fatua
Bacopa monnieri
Baptisia tinctoria
Berberis vulgaris | Berberis aquifolium | Mahonia aquifolium | Hydrastis canadensis | Coptis chinensis
Boswellia spp.
Brassica alba | Brassica nigra | Brassica juncea
Bryonia alba
Calendula officinalis
Camellia sinensis
Camellia sinensis
Cannabis sativa | Cannabis indica
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Capsicum frutescens | Capsicum annuum
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Ceanothus americanus | Ceanothus spp.
Centella asiatica
Chamaelirium luteum
Chelidonium majus
Chionanthus virginicus
Cinnamomum zeylanicum | C. verum | C. aromaticum | C. cassia
Coleus forskohlii | Plectranthus barbatus
Commiphora molmol | Commiphora myrrha
Commiphora mukul
Convallaria majalis
Cordyceps sinensis | Ophiocordyceps sinensis
Corydalis spp.
Crataegus spp.
Curcuma longa
Curcurbita pepo
Cynara scolymus
Datura stramonium
Digitalis purpurea
Dioscorea villosa
Echinacea angustifolia | Echinacea purpurea | Echinacea pallida
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Ephedra sinica (and related species) | Ephedra equisetina | Ephedra intermedia
Equisetum arvense
Eriodictyon californicum | Eriodictyon angustifolium | Eriodictyon spp.
Eschscholzia californica
Eucalyptus globulus
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium purpureum | Eupatorium maculatum | Eupatorium fistulosum
Euphrasia stricta
Foeniculum vulgare
Frangula purshiana | Rhamnus purshiana | Frangula alnus | Rhamnus frangula
Fucus vesiculosus
Galium aparine
Ganoderma lucidum
Gelsemium sempervirens
Gentiana lutea
Geranium maculatum
Ginkgo biloba
Glycyrrhiza glabra | Glycyrrhiza uralensis
Grindelia spp.
Gymnema sylvestre
Hamamelis virginiana
Harpagophytum procumbens
Humulus lupulus
Hydrangea arborescens
Hyoscyamus niger
Hypericum perforatum | Hypericum spp.
Inula helenium
Iris versicolor
Juglans nigra
Juniperus communis
Larrea tridentata
Lavandula spp.
Leonurus cardiaca
Ligusticum porteri
Ligustrum lucidum
Linum usitatissimum
Lithospermum officinale
Lobelia inflata
Lomatium dissectum
Lycopus virginicus
Matricaria recutita | Matricaria chamomilla
Medicago sativa
Melaleuca alternifolia
Melissa officinalis
Mentha piperita
Mitchella repens
Momordica charantia
Olea europaea
Panax ginseng | Panax quinquefolius
Passiflora incarnata
Pausinystalia johimbe | Corynanthe yohimbe
Petroselinum crispum
Phytolacca americana | Phytolacca decandra
Piper methysticum
Piscidia piscipula | Piscidia erythrina
Plantago lanceolata | Plantago major | P. insularis
Podophyllum peltatum
Prunus africana | Pygeum africanum
Prunus serotina
Pulsatilla vulgaris | Anemone pulsatilla | Anemone pratensis | Anemone patens | Pulsatilla patens
Quercus spp.
Rauvolfia serpentina
Rhodiola rosea
Ricinus communis
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubus idaeus
Rumex crispus
Salix spp.
Sambucus nigra | Sambucus canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Schisandra chinensis
Scutellaria baicalensis
Scutellaria lateriflora
Selenicereus grandiflorus | Cactus grandifolorus | Cereus grandiflorus
Senna alexandrina | Cassia spp.
Serenoa repens | S. serrulata
Silybum marianum
Smilax spp.
Solidago spp.
Symphytum officinale
Tabebuia avellanedae | Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tanacetum parthenium | Chrysanthemum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare | Chrysanthemum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Theobroma cacao
Thuja occidentalis | Thuja plicata
Thuja occidentalis
Thymus vulgaris
Tilia spp.
Tribulus terrestris
Trifolium pratense
Tussilago farfara
Ulmus rubra
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica
Usnea spp.
Vaccinium myrtillus
Valeriana officinalis | Valeriana sitchensis
Veratrum viride
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena officinalis | Verbena hastata
Veronicastrum virginicum | Leptandra virginica
Viburnum opulus | Viburnum prunifolium
Vinca major | Vinca minor
Viscum album
Vitex agnus-castus
Withania somnifera
Zea mays | Yu Mi Xu
Zingiber officinale
Achillea millefolium
Aconitum spp. | Aconitum napellus | Aconitum columbianum | Aconitum carmichaelii
Actaea racemosa | Cimicifuga racemosa | Macrotys racemosa
Allium cepa
Allium sativum
Aloe vera | Aloe barbadensis | Aloe ferox
Althaea officinalis
Angelica sinensis
Apium graveolens
Arctium lappa | Niu bang zi
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Arnica spp.
Asclepias tuberosa
Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco
Astragalus membranaceus
Atropa belladonna
Avena sativa | Avena fatua
Bacopa monnieri
Baptisia tinctoria
Berberis vulgaris | Berberis aquifolium | Mahonia aquifolium | Hydrastis canadensis | Coptis chinensis
Boswellia spp.
Brassica alba | Brassica nigra | Brassica juncea
Bryonia alba
Calendula officinalis
Camellia sinensis
Camellia sinensis
Cannabis sativa | Cannabis indica
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Capsicum frutescens | Capsicum annuum
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Ceanothus americanus | Ceanothus spp.
Centella asiatica
Chamaelirium luteum
Chelidonium majus
Chionanthus virginicus
Cinnamomum zeylanicum | C. verum | C. aromaticum | C. cassia
Coleus forskohlii | Plectranthus barbatus
Commiphora molmol | Commiphora myrrha
Commiphora mukul
Convallaria majalis
Cordyceps sinensis | Ophiocordyceps sinensis
Corydalis spp.
Crataegus spp.
Curcuma longa
Curcurbita pepo
Cynara scolymus
Datura stramonium
Digitalis purpurea
Dioscorea villosa
Echinacea angustifolia | Echinacea purpurea | Echinacea pallida
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Ephedra sinica (and related species) | Ephedra equisetina | Ephedra intermedia
Equisetum arvense
Eriodictyon californicum | Eriodictyon angustifolium | Eriodictyon spp.
Eschscholzia californica
Eucalyptus globulus
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium purpureum | Eupatorium maculatum | Eupatorium fistulosum
Euphrasia stricta
Foeniculum vulgare
Frangula purshiana | Rhamnus purshiana | Frangula alnus | Rhamnus frangula
Fucus vesiculosus
Galium aparine
Ganoderma lucidum
Gelsemium sempervirens
Gentiana lutea
Geranium maculatum
Ginkgo biloba
Glycyrrhiza glabra | Glycyrrhiza uralensis
Grindelia spp.
Gymnema sylvestre
Hamamelis virginiana
Harpagophytum procumbens
Humulus lupulus
Hydrangea arborescens
Hyoscyamus niger
Hypericum perforatum | Hypericum spp.
Inula helenium
Iris versicolor
Juglans nigra
Juniperus communis
Larrea tridentata
Lavandula spp.
Leonurus cardiaca
Ligusticum porteri
Ligustrum lucidum
Linum usitatissimum
Lithospermum officinale
Lobelia inflata
Lomatium dissectum
Lycopus virginicus
Matricaria recutita | Matricaria chamomilla
Medicago sativa
Melaleuca alternifolia
Melissa officinalis
Mentha piperita
Mitchella repens
Momordica charantia
Olea europaea
Panax ginseng | Panax quinquefolius
Passiflora incarnata
Pausinystalia johimbe | Corynanthe yohimbe
Petroselinum crispum
Phytolacca americana | Phytolacca decandra
Piper methysticum
Piscidia piscipula | Piscidia erythrina
Plantago lanceolata | Plantago major | P. insularis
Podophyllum peltatum
Prunus africana | Pygeum africanum
Prunus serotina
Pulsatilla vulgaris | Anemone pulsatilla | Anemone pratensis | Anemone patens | Pulsatilla patens
Quercus spp.
Rauvolfia serpentina
Rhodiola rosea
Ricinus communis
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubus idaeus
Rumex crispus
Salix spp.
Sambucus nigra | Sambucus canadensis
Sanguinaria canadensis
Schisandra chinensis
Scutellaria baicalensis
Scutellaria lateriflora
Selenicereus grandiflorus | Cactus grandifolorus | Cereus grandiflorus
Senna alexandrina | Cassia spp.
Serenoa repens | S. serrulata
Silybum marianum
Smilax spp.
Solidago spp.
Symphytum officinale
Tabebuia avellanedae | Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tanacetum parthenium | Chrysanthemum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare | Chrysanthemum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Theobroma cacao
Thuja occidentalis | Thuja plicata
Thuja occidentalis
Thymus vulgaris
Tilia spp.
Tribulus terrestris
Trifolium pratense
Tussilago farfara
Ulmus rubra
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica | Urtica urens
Urtica dioica
Usnea spp.
Vaccinium myrtillus
Valeriana officinalis | Valeriana sitchensis
Veratrum viride
Verbascum thapsus
Verbena officinalis | Verbena hastata
Veronicastrum virginicum | Leptandra virginica
Viburnum opulus | Viburnum prunifolium
Vinca major | Vinca minor
Viscum album
Vitex agnus-castus
Withania somnifera
Zea mays | Yu Mi Xu
Zingiber officinale
 

Aloe vera



Latin NameAloe vera
Common NameAloe | Cape aloe
Primary Actions Cathartic laxative | Inflammation modulator | Demulcent | Vulnerary | Immune modulator
Secondary Actions
Indications/ Symptoms Atonic constipation | Cuts | Skin abrasions | Wounds | Inflammation | Gastritis | Ulcers | Peptic ulcer disease | Reflux | Esophagitis | Gastrointestinal irritation | Inflammatory bowel disease | HIV/AIDS | Cancer | Tumor | Chemotherapeutic/radiation adjunct | Burns | Psoriasis
Constituents Latex=anthraquinone glycosides Gel=polysaccharides
Energetics Cooling | Moistening
Taste Bitter
Low Dose RecommendedNo
Not Safe: PregnancyNot safe
Not Safe: LactationNot safe
ContraindicationsLatex=Pregnancy, lactation, intestinal obstruction, abdominal pain of unknown origin, hemorrhoids, kidney disorders, severe dehydration, children under 10y | Gel=Pregnancy category B3, lactation= no data, should be taken away from other herbs & medications
Side EffectsLatex=overdose: abdominal pain, spasm, severe diarrhea, urine discoloration, dec transit time and absorption of meds, long term may lead to atonic constipation & habituation, if combined w/ thiazide diuretics, adrenocorticosteroids and Glycyrrhiza root
NotesLatex=solid residue obtained from scoring the leaf, contains anthraquinones, cathartic laxative | Gel=Mucilaginous material obtained from center part of leaf, inflammation modulator, demulcent, vulnerary, immune modulator | Latex and gel are cold and bitter, gel is moist. LATEX is a laxative Gel is not.
Preparation/ DosageLatex=Pair w/ carminative herbs to dec cramping | Gel=1-2 oz 1-2 x/day | Tincture (1:30-1:40)=inner leaf/anthraquinone extraction, 1-5 ml hs, limit use to max 10 days | Capsule=powdered resin/latex 50-200 mg/hs, limit use to max 10 days
Parts UsedGel | Latex
References
  • Cheng, S., Kirtschig, G., Cooper, S., Thornhill, M., Leonardi-Bee, J., and Murphy, R. Interventions for erosive lichen planus affecting mucosal sites. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;2:CD008092.
  • Dat, A. D., Poon, F., Pham, K. B., and Doust, J. Aloe vera for treating acute and chronic wounds. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;2:CD008762.
  • Eshghi, F., Hosseinimehr, S. J., Rahmani, N., Khademloo, M., Norozi, M. S., and Hojati, O. Effects of Aloe vera cream on posthemorrhoidectomy pain and wound healing: results of a randomized, blind, placebo-control study. J.Altern.Complement Med. 2010;16(6):647-650.
  • Huseini, H. F., Kianbakht, S., Hajiaghaee, R., and Dabaghian, F. H. Anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypercholesterolemic effects of Aloe vera leaf gel in hyperlipidemic type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Planta Med. 2012;78(4):311-316.
  • Lodi, G., Carrozzo, M., Furness, S., and Thongprasom, K. Interventions for treating oral lichen planus: a systematic review. Br.J.Dermatol. 2012;166(5):938-947.
  • Mansourian, A., Momen-Heravi, F., Saheb-Jamee, M., Esfehani, M., Khalilzadeh, O., and Momen-Beitollahi, J. Comparison of aloe vera mouthwash with triamcinolone acetonide 0.1% on oral lichen planus: a randomized double-blinded clinical trial. Am.J.Med.Sci. 2011;342(6):447-451.
  • Morales-Bozo, I., Rojas, G., Ortega-Pinto, A., Espinoza, I., Soto, L., Plaza, A., Lozano, C., and Urzua, B. Evaluation of the efficacy of two mouthrinses formulated for the relief of xerostomia of diverse origin in adult subjects. Gerodontology. 2012;29(2):e1103-e1112.
  • Olatunya, O. S., Olatunya, A. M., Anyabolu, H. C., Adejuyigbe, E. A., and Oyelami, O. A. Preliminary trial of aloe vera gruel on HIV infection. J.Altern.Complement Med. 2012;18(9):850-853.
  • Panahi, Y., Davoudi, S. M., Sahebkar, A., Beiraghdar, F., Dadjo, Y., Feizi, I., Amirchoopani, G., and Zamani, A. Efficacy of Aloe vera/olive oil cream versus betamethasone cream for chronic skin lesions following sulfur mustard exposure: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. Cutan.Ocul.Toxicol. 2012;31(2):95-103.
  • Pradeep, A. R., Agarwal, E., and Naik, S. B. Clinical and microbiologic effects of commercially available dentifrice containing aloe vera: a randomized controlled clinical trial. J.Periodontol. 2012;83(6):797-804.
  • Salazar-Sanchez, N., Lopez-Jornet, P., Camacho-Alonso, F., and Sanchez-Siles, M. Efficacy of topical Aloe vera in patients with oral lichen planus: a randomized double-blind study. J.Oral Pathol.Med. 2010;39(10):735-740.
  • Shah, S. A., DiTullio, P., Azadi, M., Shapiro, R. J., Eid, T. J., and Snyder, J. A. Effects of oral Aloe vera on electrocardiographic and blood pressure measurements. Am.J.Health Syst.Pharm. 11-15-2010;67(22):1942-1946.
  • Williamson, G., Coppens, P., Serra-Majem, L., and Dew, T. Review of the efficacy of green tea, isoflavones and aloe vera supplements based on randomised controlled trials. Food Funct. 2011;2(12):753-759.
  • Worthington, H. V., Clarkson, J. E., Bryan, G., Furness, S., Glenny, A. M., Littlewood, A., McCabe, M. G., Meyer, S., and Khalid, T. Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2011;(4):CD000978.
  • Yun, J. M., Singh, S., Jialal, R., Rockwood, J., Jialal, I., and Devaraj, S. A randomized placebo-controlled crossover trial of aloe vera on bioavailability of vitamins C and B(12), blood glucose, and lipid profile in healthy human subjects. J.Diet.Suppl 2010;7(2):145-153.


Code by Peter D'Adamo, ND. Portions of the data used by this program are from the Bountiful Herbs Database. Obviously, this program is not a substitute for the services of a health professional and is not actually designed nor intended to be used to diagnosis, prevent or treat disease.